Your Ultimate Guide To Learning How To Fish

Apart from being a relaxing habit that offers you the comfort you need when you are stressed, fishing is a very fun and exciting pastime that you will surely enjoy with your family and friends.

Like any other sports and activities, it takes time, passion, and practice to learn how to fish, so whether you are an experienced fish catcher or a novice, reading this article's information and tips will surely enhance your fishing expertise.

So, let’s start!

Fishing Gear and Tackle

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Almost any piece of gear or equipment that fish catchers use can be considered a fishing tackle.

Drowningworms.com and artofmanliness.com listed and defined some of these common materials anglers use, and here are some of them.

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Fishing Rod

This stick is where you attach your fishing reel and fishing line. It is a pole which is light, long and slender.

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Fishing Reel

This gear is your fishing rod's partner. It is a device that is cylindrical, and you use it for winding your line.

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Fishing Line

This cord is one of the most vital materials that you will use when angling. It connects your fishing hook to the reel and rod.

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Fishing Hook

You attach this device to your line's end which impales them in their mouth. At times, it also snags the fish's body.

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Rigs

This term refers to your style of tying together your hook, swivels, lures, baits, bobbers, sinkers, pliers, leaders, flashers, cheese doodles, and anything else you fasten to your line.

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Sinkers

This piece of equipment refers to the weight you use, to sink your sounding or fishing line. It also takes and hold the bait to your preferred depth in the water

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Bobbers

Other anglers also call this cork or float which holds the hook at your desired depth. You typically place it on a fishing line.

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Swivels

This equipment usually has two rings which are attached to a pivoting joint. Its primary purpose is to prevent tangling by letting the fishing line untwist during line retrieval.

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Bait

This equipment can be live and natural or artificial. It is what anglers use to entice fish. In angling terminologies, a human-made bait is called a lure.

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Tackle box

This box is where you store your fishing gears and tackles. Other gears include gaffs, spears, nets, traps, and waders.

Fishing Knots and Rigs

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Fishing knots are knots which you use in angling or fishing and which you tie on lines such as fluorocarbon, monofilament or braided lines.

Knots are important because they ensure that your fishing tackles do not get disassembled. Also, correctly-tied knots prevent lost fish.

As an angler, you will come across several types of knots.

Some of the most widely-used types of are Palomar knot, Blood knot, Improved clinch knot, Surgeon's knot, and Spider Hitch Knot. At times, you will also need to use more than one type of knot.

These variations are important because a particular kind of knot has a particular sort of job. That means that the knot you use for tying two lines is different from the one you use for attaching a hook. Some types also work well for a particular fishing line but not to others, so the one you use for monofilament may not be appropriate to use for braids.

Other names for fishing knots include halibut knot, waterman's knot, angler's knot, and English knot.

Fishing Rigs, on the other hand, refers to the arrangement of fishing tackles. It usually comprises of hooks, bobbers, sinkers, swivels, lures, beads, one or more fishing leaders and other fishing items. You can hold a rig by your rod and use your hands, or attach it to a pier or boat.

While certain rigs float near the water's surface, some sink to the bottom. There are also rigs which fishers use for trolling, but most rigs are for catching a single or many various fish species. Some of the common types are Texas rig, Carolina Rig, and Hair Rig.

Fishing Safety

Fishing is an enjoyable recreational activity, but to make sure that you are fishing with peace of mind, staying safe is a must. Below are some tips that you have to remember before embarking in water for another angling adventure.

Always wear your life jacket especially when you are fishing from a boat. If you wade in deep waters which contain strong currents, this piece of equipment is also very essential. Even if you are a professional swimmer, you can protect yourself by wearing life jackets if in case you hit your head and fall.

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Before you wade in, check out the fishing location where you plan to fish. This advice is important especially when you are angling in unknown waters that have a strong current. Wade in carefully, and be watchful as you take one step at a time, so you can feel if there are any deep or delicate drop-offs.

Never forget your first-aid kit that contains antiseptic, bandages, anti-inflammatory medication, pain reliever, and a bee-sting kit (this equipment will help if you are allergic).

Be mindful of your fishing hooks as these tools have very sharp ends. Always make sure that no hook is behind you when fishing. If you catch a fish, do not hold it close to where you hook it. A wiggling fish may also cause the hook to pierce your hands.

It is advisable to wear sunglasses or a baseball hat as a protection from other fishing hooks. Also, these tools will allow you to see into the water and find fish while protecting you from the sun as well.

Do not forget to apply bug spray and sunblock, and make sure to include extra in your tackle box. This tip will help you feel more comfortable when angling, and, thus, will help you fish longer to catch more fish!

Fishing Tips

  • 1. Learn Basic Fishing Knowledge
  • 2. Use Proper Pieces Of Equipment
  • 3. Know the right bait

If you are fishing from a shoreline, rowboat or a dock, you will have to bring with you basic fishing materials such as hooks, line, rod, and reel. It is also a good practice to fill and complete your box with other gears like an adjustable wrench, first aid supplies, pliers, flashlight, rod tips, lighter, and a glue stick. Some fishing locations also require a fishing license.

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  • 4. Bring maps and other local reports
  • 5. Be quiet and patient

Minimize noise as it can away drive away prey, and patiently wait for the signs that you have caught a fish. Always check your fishing line movement. Quickly pull your line, so you can successfully hook fish.

Fishing With Live Baits

Although many types of artificial lures are now available in the market because of advanced technology, live baits are still useful tools for hooking fish. In fact, 50% of freshwater game fish in North America were caught using live baits. Most anglers also prefer it over the human-made baits because it will save you a lot of money.

You can purchase these baits at your nearest local sports shop, but you can also catch them by yourself. Either way, you always need to make sure that you keep them alive and fresh for your fishing adventure. Among the most popular baits anglers use are worms, minnows, and leeches.

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Some examples of baitfish are Fathead, Chub, Hornyhead, Common Shiner, Golden Shiner, Mud Minnow, and Suckers. If you want to use any of these fish, always remember to chill them, and change their water regularly. Avoid overcrowding of suckers or minnows as it will decrease the amount of oxygen, and increase the ammonia level that is toxic from the waste.

Worms are excellent baits when you are fishing in freshwater. They are also easy to keep and collect. There are at least hundreds of these species in North America which differ in color and size. The most popular types anglers use are Red worms and Nightcrawlers. These baits often need to be refrigerated and kept in a fairly-cold and dark environment to stay alive.

The most plentiful types of live baits are leeches which are also easy to keep alive. If you plan to use these baits, make sure to rinse them daily and store them in clean, fresh water and cool place.

Fishing With Lures

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Another widely-used type of baits are the artificial or human-made ones which are more popularly known as fishing lures. The purpose of these tackles is to mimic the actions of the natural preys. There are several types, colors, and sizes of lures, and it is better to try many of these materials to know which one works well for your target fish.

One type of this tackle is called spoons which look like a spoon without a handle. This lure flutters in the water as it sinks because of its shape, an action which makes it appear like an injured fish. Jigs are another type of fishing lures. These materials have tails which are plastic or feathers and a weighted head. Other kinds include spinners, plugs, and crankbait lures.

For a more efficient use of your lures, it is better to learn some strategies. Master the "walk the dog" technique which entails slightly twitching your fishing rod during the retrieve to allow the lure to move and follow a side-to-side motion.

You can also do the "dead stick" technique which involves leaving your lure motionless and wait for the impact rings to subside after you cast onto the water. You can drop your lure deeper using your diving plug or crank bait.

Also, you can learn how to rip the surface, so that your lure mimics the actions of a flying insect. If you want a more effortless fishing, you can try trolling behind your boat using your spinner, plug or spoon.

Make sure also to match the color of your lure to the water, and cast in different areas, or else you will allow your target to notice your lure.Always take care of your lures by cleaning them.

How To Catch Fish

After you have carefully decided where and when to fish and made sure you have already prepared your fishing equipment, it is now time to find the right bait and get a fishing license.

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1. Tie Your Fishing Hook On Your Leader

If you are fly fishing, knowing and using the right knot is part of the sport. If you are an amateur fisher, learning how to tie a clinch knot is enough to get started.

2. Fasten The Bobbers And Weights

If you are fishing in a river, stream or any location where the water that flows is quite swift, it is advisable to attach the weights or Sinkers to your fishing line at least 12 inches above the bait. Weighting down the line helps in keeping the bait in place at least an inch above the water’s floor, the spot where fish may be hunting.

3. Bait Your Fishing Hook

The procedures in doing this step will depend on the type of hook and bait you are using. In general, what you want is to work your fishing hook through the bait as often as possible to make sure you secure it on your hook.

4. Cast Your Fishing Line

Amateur anglers may cast side arm and use the same action when skipping a stone which is across the water. Bring back your stick to your side and direct it to the spot where you would like to throw your line then release it while pointing it in in your desired direction.

5. Minimize Noise And Wait Patiently

While some fishers may reel in slowly or jerk the bait lightly to tell the fish it is alive; others may just wait and sit back. It is up to you which one you will do. It is also important to know that noise can drive away your target fish, so you might as well reduce the noise you are creating.

6. Hook Your Fish

After you have waited patiently for your catch and feel a tug on your line, set your hook by giving a firm and quick jerk to your rod (and fishing line afterward) backward and up.

7. Pump And Lift The Rod While Reeling In To Pull The Caught Fish In

Unless you are pulling in tiny fish, never use your reel to pull the fish in. Make sure that you keep your fishing line tight. Using your arms, pull it toward you, and reel in your slack line.

Types Of Fishing

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Angling

Angling is one of the most well-enjoyed ways of grabbing a fish which involves the use of an angle (hook).

An angler fastens the hook to the fishing line, and some also weigh down a sinker, so that the fishing tackles sink while it is in the water which is referred to often as "hook, line and sinker" arrangement.

Many sports fishing enthusiasts enjoy this method as it is considered the primary method of sports fishing.

There is an almost endless list of sub-methods of angling although the general categories include angling with a rod and line fishing. Line fishing makes use of a line which can be monofilament, braided, or fluorocarbon leaders. When angling with a rod, fish catchers utilizes a fishing rod which fits the fishing reel and which gives the line more control.

Anglers then attach a lure or bait to the hook. Some of the most popular ways to angle with a rod are Casting, Bank Fishing, and Fly fishing, a method which makes use of artificial flies to act as lures. Surfcasting, on the other hand, is when anglers fish from a shoreline and use a rod so that they can cast into the surf.

Hand Fishing

While there are several ways on how to catch fish using several pieces of fishing equipment, you can still manage to grab one using only your bare hands.

Noodling is a popular way to catch fish by hand. It is another term people use to refer to the process of reaching underwater into some natural cavities that logs, rocks, or tree roots form to catch fish.

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These cavities are usually in riverbanks, and when the fish (which is, most of the time, a catfish) bites onto the catcher's hand, he or she pulls the catfish off its nest and out of the hole. This method is also widely used when capturing blue catfish and flathead catfish in Missouri, especially during nesting or spawning season when fish gather in small streams or rivers.

Another known method is Flounder tramping which is another traditional way of seizing flounder although you can also catch other flatfish using it; fish catchers who practice this method wade in shallow water and stand on them. Other ways include Trout binning and trout tickling.

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Netting

This method makes use of open-meshed materials called fishing nets which fishers can form when they tie a relatively thin wire or thread.

Along with dredging, long lining, traps, and trolling, this method is what commercial fishers use, and it is also considered the principal method of commercial fishing.

There are also several types of nets. Some examples of these meshes are Cast nets, Chinese fishing nets, Tangle nets, Landing Nets, and Dip Nets.

Spearfishing

Spearfishing is another ancient method of impaling the fishing using an ordinary spear or other variants like harpoon, arrow, eel spear, or trident spear which fish catchers can thrust or throw by hand. Some also use a spear gun.

Some of the most common ways fishers practice in this method are bow fishing which uses a bow and arrow in killing the fish, Gigging, and Tridents.

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Trapping

This procedure is another creative way of catching a fish that involves the use of a fish trap which typically can be in the form of a lobster trap or a fishing weir.

A trap can either be a semi-permanent or permanent structure which fishers place in bodies of water such as rivers and other tidal areas or pot-traps which fishers periodically lift and bait to entice fishes.

When To Fish

There are several things about the perfect time or season that gives fishers the go-signal to start fishing. The sun, moon, tides, and weather all have effects on fishing activity, and it is important to do some research about your target fish to know their habits and to find when is the best time to fish.

In addition to that, understanding the fishing location is also vital in knowing if it is the right time to catch.

As a general guide, below are some of the things about the best time to fish which you can consider and which will contribute to your fishing success.

  • 1. Inland, high tide times are also the times when the Moon is due south while the times for low tides are almost halfway between the high tides. The best time to fish is one hour before or one one hour after high tides or low tides.
  • 2. During "morning rise" and "evening rise" are both good times to fish.
  • 3. There are more chances of landing a fish when the barometer is on the rise or is steady, but stormy conditions do not stop fishes from feeding. Just find an effective bait.
  • 4. The presence of hatch flies is a good sign that it is a perfect fishing time. Just remember to match your fly with the flies that are hatching.
  • 5. Another best time to fish is when the breeze is from a westerly quarter instead of from the east or north.
  • 6. Go fishing when the water where you are trying to fish is rippled or still instead of during windy times.
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